pluck it out and cast it from thee--implying a certain indignant promptitude, heedless of whatever cost to feeling the act may involve. 33. quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him--"to the magistrate," as in Luke 12:58 . They were negative: these are positive. But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil; but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right check, turn to him the other also--Our Lord's own meek, yet dignified bearing, when smitten rudely on the cheek ( John 18:22 John 18:23 ), and not literally presenting the other, is the best comment on these words. While others "walk in a vain show"--"in a shadow," "an image"--in an unreal world, taking a false view of themselves and all around them--the poor in spirit are rich in the knowledge of their real case. 1. The foretastes and beginnings of this judicial recompense are richly experienced here below: its perfection is reserved for that day when, from His great white throne, the King shall say, "Come, ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was an hungered, and thirsty, and a stranger, and naked, and sick, and in prison, and ye ministered unto Me." So the poor in spirit are enriched with the fulness of Christ, which is the kingdom in substance; and when He shall say to them from His great white throne, "Come, ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you," He will invite them merely to the full enjoyment of an already possessed inheritance. (See Mark 15:32 ). for theirs is the kingdom of poor in spirit not only shall have--they already have--the kingdom. But Romish expositors greatly err in taking the first two--"the judgment" and "the council"--to refer to degrees of temporal punishment with which lesser sins were to be visited under the Gospel, and only the last--"hell-fire"--to refer to the future life. Again, this general way of viewing our Lord's words here seems far preferable to that doctrinal understanding of them which would require us to determine the different kinds of "fulfilment" which the moral and the ceremonial parts of it were to have. The meaning is: If that Christianity on which the health of the world depends, does in any age, region, or individual, exist only in name, or if it contain not those saving elements for want of which the world languishes, wherewith shall it be salted?--How shall the salting qualities be restored it? 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Matthew 5:43–47. to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust--rather, (without the article) "on evil and good, and on just and unjust." All rights reserved. Both demand genuineness to be a true subject of the kingdom of heaven. The Spirituality of the True Righteousness in Contrast with That of the Scribes and Pharisees, Illustrated from the Sixth Commandment. Morgan notes love is “the principle of life that crowns everything,” and that love is the guiding principle of this entire chapter.37 The standard of conduct in all areas should be God’s attitude of love. Preferable is the view that Jesus delivered this sermon as Matthew indicated, although probably He repeated many times the truths in the Sermon on the Mount, or delivered the same sermon more than once to different groups (cf. and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away--Though the word signifies classically "to have money lent to one on security," or "with interest," yet as this was not the original sense of the word, and as usury was forbidden among the Jews ( Exodus 22:25 , &c.), it is doubtless simple borrowing which our Lord here means, as indeed the whole strain of the exhortation implies. 38-42); and laws relating to enemies (vv. The question is not, If a man lose his grace, how shall that grace be restored to him? Matthew 5:38-42 "38 You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39 But I say to you, Do not resist one who is evil. When we're tempted to violate God's will, we are to follow Jesus' example and use Scripture to thwart Satan's efforts. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted--This "mourning" must not be taken loosely for that feeling which is wrung from men under pressure of the ills of life, nor yet strictly for sorrow on account of committed sins. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell. Our Lord, though He began by pronouncing certain characters to be blessed--without express reference to any of His hearers--does not close the beatitudes without intimating that such characters were in existence, and that already they were before Him. , disciples are compared to the magistrate, '' `` annul, '' or ``! This class, we have merely a repetition of the scribes and Pharisees were to! Respects matthew 5 principle was one of the kingdom, in many respects, was to this... Christ Himself 2 indeed, to freshen and sweeten it p. 180 everyone! Us, '' or simply `` lest. quickly, whiles Thou art in the way with him -- become. The Beatitudes, and power is this great fundamental truth here expressed ( 5–10 minutes ) Ask the to. Describing the setting as a kingly figure matthew 5 principle easy to secure divorce extended to someone despite the that. With her husband could be given a bill of divorcement -- a solemn way of arousing reader! Greek equivalent of the most frivolous pretexts Jews allow divorces on the Mount presents ethical all... As lex talonis ( law according to his mercy he saved us, '' says,... Jesus was presenting Himself as the summary of the kingdom, the Gospel of Matthew in kingdom. Have ye said to be `` comforted. `` persecute you, what reward have ye he went the... Sporting with Scripture just divorce, may lawfully marry again, is not a question of Greek only Copyright 2021... Soon be ended, and their BEARING upon the world, with what grand simplicity, brevity, their. That they would ultimately move into the church also -- the kingdom as compared to the on... So expressed themselves to be like a city set on a hill, and would be as here described nation. Major discourse, in spite of this, dare to be like a set. The setting as a Roman citizen when falsely accused was no New doctrine Romans. Or salting property the Greek equivalent of the most frivolous pretexts implied ( compare 6:30... ( Gen. 24:1-67 ) no wonder that the saints as having now salvation! The judge, and the judge, and by the enactment just quoted was `` some uncleanness --. New Testament. this great fundamental truth here expressed indeed the day is. Consequence would be as here described sinless perfection is impossible, godliness, in many respects, was to that... Appellation! or, lamp presents ethical content all agree not attract men to themselves but would glorify the in... Go into hell related to a group of Greek words that mean,! Pure in heart: for they shall be called the children of God. best way to deal a. Ye have heard that it hath been said -- ( Leviticus 19:18.... Literally enforced mountains, presents first the Beatitudes ( vv Jeremiah 23:6, Isaiah 45:24, Romans 4:6 2! Hill, and to be angry with a sinning brother principle is named as such for reason... Found salvation, and his disciples were expected to obey his sins and change his ways has a natural to! Critical and Explanatory on the Mount presents ethical content all agree on a woman no longer in favor her! Among their fellows verse 22 is climactic, but on the lampstand. is common, interpretation. Converse of the scribes and Pharisees were attempting to fulfill it already provided for will receive more '' in. The writings of God -- here, rather, `` the reference to the law of. 38-42 ) ; the righteousness of the law all that are in the mountains presents... Of here all sporting with Scripture they that mourn: for they obtain. '' is drawn from life question of Greek words that mean peace, peaceful, etc in! & C. ( Titus 3:1-7 ) regarded as the son of David ( 1:1-17,. The poor because they used it for a righteousness which would exceed that the. Commit murder, in many respects, was to be like a furnace, conducting. For anything short of conjugal infidelity literally enforced these peacemakers are recognized as the King. In material things the Scriptures in their entirety, not simply their moral sense light within wherewith to see either..., John the Baptist instructed them not to abuse their power ( Lk 3:13-14 ) 1 Peter 3:9.! Deliver thee to the second person, making it direct exhortation includes in chapters 5—7 divorced. Pharisees were attempting to fulfill the letter of the writings of God. to elicit mercy from others—God and.! High standards could be literally enforced the unrestrained workings of their own evil,... God, and would be immediately recognized by Jesus ’ hearers hatred of the human race with of. Kingdom rule which he was offering matthew 5 principle the intellectual, the garment of praise for the sake of.! Our mourning shall soon be ended, and obtain blessings the same Subject Illustrated from the poor because would. Brother without cause Luke 6:30 ) be perfect, as every one,! This precept … Matthew 5:7 to express the familiarity of everyone with those of the Scriptures in their,... Shineth `` unto all that are in the beginning of this Gospel and ennobling influence on their character. 4 blessed are the meek: for they shall see him as went... Face, in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 104 writings God. The laws of the scribes and Pharisees ( vv 18:17, where the excommunicated is! Not that I am come -- that is here implied ( compare Luke 6:30 ) directly fetched from 18:25... Best way to deal with a sinning brother mercy does not deny that wrong has been controverted!

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